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Sun Ra - Interstellar Low Ways - El Saturn Records


El Saturn Records

Interstellar Low Ways is an album recorded by the American Jazz musician Sun Ra and his Myth Science Arkestra, mostly recorded in Chicago, 1960, and probably released in 1966[1] on his own Saturn label. Originally titled Rocket Number Nine, the album had acquired its present name, and the red-on-white sleeve by Claude Dangerfield, by 1969.[2] The album is known particularly for the two songs featuring space chants - Interplanetary Music and Rocket Number Nine Take off for the Planet Venus - that would stay in the Arkestra's repertoire for many years;

Rocket Number Nine points toward the music that the Arkestra would be playing on the lower East Side of New York City. The tenor sax solo isn't the work of John Coltrane in 1962, but of John Gilmore in 1960. And not even Ornette Coleman's bassists were playing like Ronnie Boykins at this date.' Robert Campbell[1]

When reissued by Evidence, Interstellar Low Ways was included as the second half of a CD that also featured the whole of Sun Ra and his Solar Arkestra Visits Planet Earth.

Lady Gaga references the line; Rocket Number Nine Take off for the Planet Venus" in her song "Venus"

Most of the tracks were recorded at a marathon session of between 30 and 40 songs, either at the RCA Studios, or possibly The Hall Recording Company (both in Chicago), around 17 June 1960.[1] Other albums to include tracks from the session include Fate In A Pleasant Mood, Holiday for Soul Dance, Angels and Demons at Play and We Travel the Space Ways.

A single, Space Loneliness b/w State Street, was released shortly after the recording sessions. Whilst State Street was never released on an album by Ra, it was copyrighted as part of the Space Loneliness suite (Space Loneliness: A Sound Concerto) along with Fate In A Pleasant Mood & Lights on a Satellite, July 8, 1960. This single was followed up by another 7" from the session, The Blue Set b/w Big City Blues, which wasn't included on any of the Saturn Chicago albums.[4]

Trumpeter Phil Cohran later remembered the reaction Space Loneliness got when played on a local radio station;

"When we played it on the radio in 1960 a woman called up the station. She said, 'It sounds like something that crawled up from beneath the earth and died when it reached the sunlight.'" Phil Cohran[5]

The Wonder Inn, Chicago The Arkestra in 1960; l-r, Marshall Allen, John Gilmore, Ronnie Boykins, Ricky Murray (crouching), Sun Ra, Walter Strickland and Billy Mitchell

It was around this time - June 1960 - that their manager, Alton Abraham, secured the band a solid booking - their first since the Queen's Mansion gigs[1]- playing first Wednesdays and then five nights a week at the Wonder Inn, 75th & Cottage Grove, Chicago. Originally billed as 'a special added attraction' for July 30, 1960 featuring Sun Ra and his 'recording band', Alton Abraham celebrated the engagements by acquiring for the band the entire wardrobe from a local opera company - heavily stocked with capes, puffed sleeves and doublets - that had been discarded after performing William Tell;[6] from here on in, the whole band started to dress for 'Space'.[7] The engagement, lasting until early 1961, 'has justly become legendary[1]'.

"We started [wearing space costumes] back in Chicago. In those days I tried to make the black people, the so-called negroes, conscious of the fact that they live in a changing world. And because I thought that they were left out of everything culturally, that nobody had thought about bringing them in contact with the culture, none of the black leaders did that.... that's why I thought I could make it clear to them that there are other things outside their closed environment. That's what I tried with those clothes. I designed some of them myself. I did it because just by seeing those clothes the people could get an idea of what I meant." Sun Ra[8]

On other nights the Arkestra would wear 'purple blazers, white gloves, and beanies with propellers on top that lit up',[6] and would set off robots with flashing lights and wind-up flying saucers into the audience.[9]

All songs were written by Sun Ra. Side A: Onward - (3.31) Somewhere In Space - (2.56) Interplanetary Music - (2.24) Interstellar Low Ways - (8.23) Side B: Space Loneliness - (4.30) Space Aura - (3.08) Rocket Number Nine Take off for the Planet Venus - (6.14)

On Interstellar Low Ways, March 6, 1959;[1] Sun Ra - Gong Hobart Dotson - Percussion Marshall Allen - Flute James Spaulding - Flute John Gilmore - Tenor Sax, percussion Pat Patrick - Percussion Ronnie Boykins - Bass William Cochran - Drums

On Space Loneliness, Somewhere In Space, Interplanetary Music, and Rocket Number Nine, recorded at the RCA Studios, Chicago, around June 17, 1960;[1]

Sun Ra - Piano Phil Cohran - Cornet Nate Pryor - Trombone Marshall Allen - Alto Sax, Flute, Bells John Gilmore - Tenor Sax, Percussion Ronnie Boykins - Bass, Space Gong Jon Hardy - Drums, percussion, gong Ensemble vocals

On Onward and Space Aura, recorded during rehearsals, Chicago around October 1960;[1]

Sun Ra - Piano George Hudson - Trumpet Marshall Allen - Alto Sax, Bells John Gilmore - Tenor Sax, Percussion Ronnie Boykins - Bass, percussion Jon Hardy - Drums

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